Biological diversity of forest ecosystem of the Basitchay State Nature Reserve T.S. Mammadov, S.B. Bagirova, M.Y. Hasanova

Research article: Biological diversity of forest ecosystem of the Basitchay State Nature Reserve. 

Author (s): T.S. Mammadov, S.B. Bagirova, M.Y. Hasanova.

Journal of Life Sciences & Biomedicine, vol. 3(76), No 2, p. 70-76 (2021) 


Institute of Dendrology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 89  S.Yesenin Str., Baku AZ 1044, Azerbaijan

*For correspondence:


Received: September 29, 2021; Received in revised form: October 16, 2021; Accepted: October 25, 2021


The study analyzed the natural plant species of the Basitchay State Nature Reserve, located in the south of the Lesser Caucasus, Zangilan region, the population status of plants in the areas, the taxonomic composition of trees, shrubs, and grasses. For this purpose, the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Institute of Dendrology of ANAS got acquainted with the current situation in the liberated area. During the monitoring, satellite images, GPS coordinates, etc. were used. Soil samples brought from the area were studied for 14 parameters of mineral content using Palintest soil kits 400 equipment. In the forest cover of the mountainous part, on dry rocky slopes, areas of natural distribution of plants are depicted. As a result, 27 species of trees, 18 shrubs, and 11 types of grass were recorded in the Basitchay State Nature Reserve. Of these species, 17 rare endangered trees, 3 shrubs, 3 types of grass, 6 trees and 2 shrubs of relict, and endemic species were identified.


Keywords: Lesser Caucasus, the Basitchay State Nature Reserve, the condition of the population, relict and endemic species, rare species  



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