Geography of population longevity hotspots in Azerbaijan U.F. Hashimova
Research article: Geography of population longevity hotspots in Azerbaijan.
Author (s): U.F. Hashimova.
Journal of Life Sciences & Biomedicine, vol. 3(76), No 2, p. 77-80 (2021)
Academiciaan Abdulla Garayev Institute of Physiology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 78 Sharifzadeh Str., Baku AZ 1100, Azerbaijan
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Received: October 18, 2021; Received in revised form: October 21, 2021; Accepted: October 25, 2021
Abstract: The global aging of the world's population and the increase of the share of older age categories in its structure, which has become one of the distinctive features of the demographic transformation of the modern world, has aroused the ever-growing interest of researchers of various profiles in gerontological problems. The study of the phenomenon of the group or population longevity, which is noted in some regions of the world, called "blue zones", has acquired particular importance. The data of complex biomedical studies of populations with an increased longevity index carried out on the territory of Azerbaijan since the end of the last century indicate the potential of some regions of the country to obtain the status of a "blue zone". The study of the geography of the longevity spread among the indigenous population of the country reveals the presence of "natural" centers of longevity in certain regions, in particular in Karabakh, where, thanks to a rare combination of favorable natural-ecological and social conditions, the indigenous population has historically emerged and consolidated, i.e. an increased concentration of long-lived people has been traced for quite a long time. The article provides a map of the distribution of such centers of longevity in Azerbaijan and discusses the compliance of some regions, in particular Karabakh, with the criteria of the "blue zone".
Keywords: Human ageing, demographic transformation, population longevity, blue zones, Karabakh
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