Chemical components of leaf essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. in the Absheron conditions
Research article: Chemical components of leaf essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. in the Absheron conditions
Authors: Mammadova Irada Oruc*, Mammadova Zumrud Aman, Alakbarli Ramiz Alakbar
Institute of Dendrology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Mardakan Settl., 89 Yesenin Str., Baku AZ1044, Azerbaijan
*For correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: January 26, 2022; Received in revised form: March 01, 2022; Accepted: May 20, 2022
Abstract: Medicinal plants are used all over the world because of their lower risk of side effects and environmentally friendly, cost-effective production compared to chemical drugs, encouraging researchers to do more research. One of the most popular medicinal plants is Vitex agnus-castus L., grown in tropical and subtropical regions, with various health benefits. We have studied the chemical composition of the leaf essential oils of Vitex agnus-castus L. introduced to Absheron. Essential oils from fresh leaves of Vitex agnus-castus L. were obtained by hydrodistillation and their volatile components were identified by GC/MS. Leaves of Vitex, grown at the Institute of Dendrology, have a light yellow liquid with an essential oil concentration of 0.45%. More than 20 components have been identified in the essential oil of the leaves. The leaf oil also contained large amounts of 1,8-cineole (28.31%) and β-pinene (13.1%). The results are given by comparing studies conducted on the same species in our country and in the world.
Keywords: Vitex agnus-castus L., leaves, essential oil, component composition
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