Chemical components of leaf essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. in the Absheron conditions

Research article: Chemical components of leaf essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. in the Absheron conditions

Authors: Mammadova Irada Oruc*, Mammadova Zumrud Aman, Alakbarli Ramiz Alakbar

Institute of Dendrology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Mardakan Settl., 89 Yesenin Str., Baku AZ1044, Azerbaijan

*For correspondence:

Received: January 26, 2022; Received in revised form: March 01, 2022; Accepted: May 20, 2022

Abstract: Medicinal plants are used all over the world because of their lower risk of side effects and environmentally friendly, cost-effective production compared to chemical drugs, encouraging researchers to do more research. One of the most popular medicinal plants is Vitex agnus-castus L., grown in tropical and subtropical regions, with various health benefits. We have studied the chemical composition of the leaf essential oils of Vitex agnus-castus L. introduced to Absheron. Essential oils from fresh leaves of Vitex agnus-castus L. were obtained by hydrodistillation and their volatile components were identified by GC/MS. Leaves of Vitex, grown at the Institute of Dendrology, have a light yellow liquid with an essential oil concentration of 0.45%. More than 20 components have been identified in the essential oil of the leaves. The leaf oil also contained large amounts of 1,8-cineole (28.31%) and β-pinene (13.1%). The results are given by comparing studies conducted on the same species in our country and in the world.

Keywords: Vitex agnus-castus L., leaves, essential oil, component composition


Mammadov T.S. (2010) Trees and shrubs of Absheron. Baku: Science and education, 127 p. 

Mammadov T.S. (2019) Dendroflora of Azerbaijan. Baku: Elm, Volume V, 370 p. 

Karryev MO (1973) Pharmacochemistry of some essential oils of flora of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat: Science, p. 22-27. 

Tkachev AV (2008) Study of volatile plants. Novosibirsk: 969 p. 

Shipichina OS, Efremov AA (2010) Component composition of essential oil of various vegetative parts of the medicinal Siberian region. The chemistry is true. raw, 4: 115-119.

Adams R.P. (2007) Identification of essential oil compounds by gas chromatography/quadrupole mass spectroscopy. USA: Allured Pub. Corp., 804 p. 

Ataslar E. (2004) Saponaria kotschyi Boiss üzerinde morfolojik ve anatomik araştırmalar. (Caryophyllaceae). Turk. J. Bot., 28: 193-199. 

Ayvaz A., Sagdic O., Karaborklu S. (2010) Insecticidal activity of the essential oils from different plants against three stored-product insects. Journal of Insect Science, 10: 21. 

Blamey M., Gray-Wilson C. (1998) Mediterranean Wild Flowers. London: HarperCollins Publisher, UK, 560 p. 

Boelens M.H., Jimenez R. (1991) Chemical Composition of the essential oil from the gum and various parts of Pistacia lentiscus L. (mastic gum tree). Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 6: 271-275. 

Boqatyuk N.P., Danilova I.L., Pexova O.A. (2015) Dinamika nakopleniya i sostav efirnoqo masla vitexsa svyaşennoqo (Vitex agnus-castus L.) v predqornoy zone Krıma. Ximiya i bioloqiya. Elektronnıy naucnıy jurnal, 1-2: 12 p. 

Brickell C., Zuk J. D. (1996) A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. New York: DK Publishing Inc., USA, 1095 p. 

Chryssavgi, G., Vassiliki, P., Athanasios, M., Kibouris, Th. and Michael, K. (2008) Essential oil composition of Pistacia lentiscus L. and Myrtus communis L.: Evaluation of antioxidant capacity of methanolic extracts. Food Chemistry, 107: 1120-1130. 

Ekundayo O., Laakso I., Holopainen M. et al. (1990) The chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essent. Oil Res., 2(3):115-119. 

El-Kamari Fatima, Taroq A., El-Atki Y., Aouam I., Lyoussi B., Abdellaoui A. (2018) Chemical composition of essential oils from Vitex agnus-castus L. growing in Morocco and it’s in vitro antibacterial activity against clinical bacteria responsible for nosocomial infections. Asian J. Pharm Clin. Res., 11 (10): 368–365. 

Galletti G.C., Russo M.T., Bocchin P. (1996) Essential oil composition of leaves and berries of Vitex agnus-castus L. from Calabria, Southern Italy. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrum, 10: 1350-1345. 

Hamid A.A., Usman L.A., Adebayo S.A., Zubair M.F., Elaigwu S.E. (2010) Chemical constituents of leaf essential oil of north-central Nigerian grown Vitex agnus-castus L. Advances in Environmental Biology, 4(2): 250-253. 

Hüseyin F., Serhat E., Murat Ö. İ. Emrah D. (2014) Hayıt (Vitex agnus-castus L.)’da farklı toplama zamanlarının uçucu yağ oranı ve bileşenleri üzerine etkisi. European Journal of Science and Technology, 1(2): 25-28, 

Jennings W., Shibamoto T. (1980) Qualitative analysis of flavor and volatiles by glass capillary gas chromatography. New York: Academic Press rapid Manuscript Reproduction, 472 p. 

Katiraee F., Mahmoudi R., Tahapour K., Hamidian G., Emami S.J. (2015) Biological properties of Vitex agnus-castus L. essential oil (Phytochemical component, antioxidant and antifungal activity). Biotech Health Sci., 2(2): 6 p. 

Khalilzadeh E., Saiah G.V, Hasannejad H. et al. (2015) Antinociceptive effects, acute toxicity and chemical composition of Vitex agnus-castus L. essential oil. Avicenna J. Phytomed., 5: 230-218. 

Kotov M.I., Karnaukh E.D., Morozyuk S.S., Goncharov S.V. (1969) Essential oil plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 102 p. 

Oluwole O., Oladipupo A.L, Opeyemi A., Iresemowo O.O., Lawal O., Iresemowo O. (2012) Volatile constituents, antibacterial and insecticidal activities of essential oil from the leaves of Vitex agnus-castus L. (Verbenaceae). Canadian Journal on Computing in Mathematics, Natural Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, 3(7): 256-260. 

Senatore F., Reverchon E. (1996) Constituents of Vitex-agnus-castus L. essential oil. Flavor Frag J., 11: 179-182. 

Tandon S., Mittal A.K., Pant A.K. (2008) Insect growth regulatory activity of Vitex trifolia and Vitex agnus-castus L. essential oils against Spilosoma obliqua. Fitoterapia, 79(4): 283-286. 

Tyagi T., Agarwal M. (2017) Phytochemical screening and GCMS analysis of bioactive constituents in the ethanol extract of Pistia stratiotes L. and Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 6 (1): 195-206. 

Ulukanli Z., Çenet M., Ozturk B., Bozok F., Karaborklu S., Demirci S.C. (2015) Chemical characterization, phytotoxic, antimicrobial and insecticidal activities of Vitex agnus-castus L. essential oil from East Mediterranean Region. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 18(6): 1500-1507. 

Zahid H., Rizwani G.H., Ishaqe S. (2016) Phytopharmacological review on Vitex agnus-castus L. A potential medicinal plant. Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM), 8(1): 67-71. 

Zoghbi M.G.B., Andrade E.H.A., Maia J.G. (1999) The essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. growing in the Amazon region. Flavor Fragrance Journal, 14: 211-213.

Добавить комментарий

Оставить комментарий

reload, if the code cannot be seen