Comparative analysis of agrobiological traits of durum (T. durum Desf.) and bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) varieties in the Karabakh region Z.I. Akparov, A.M. Abdullayev, Kh.N. Rustamov, М.A. Abbasov
Research article: Comparative analysis of agrobiological traits of durum (T. durum Desf.) and bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) varieties in the Karabakh region
Author (s): Z.I. Akparov1, A.M. Abdullayev1,2, Kh.N. Rustamov1, 2*, М.A. Abbasov1
1Genetic Resources Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 155 Azadlig Ave., Baku AZ1106, Azerbaijan
2 Research Institute of Crop Husbandry, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Azerbaijan,
2 Pirshaghi, Sovkhoz, Baku AZ1098, Azerbaijan
* For correspondence:firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: October 10, 2021; Received in revised form: October 12, 2021; Accepted: October 26, 2021
Agrobiological features of new perspective durum wheat varieties "Maya", "Alliance" and bread wheat varieties "Leyla", "Start", "Janub", "Khamsa", "Almaz", "Oguz", "Vilash" created as a result of many years of research (2005-2020) of the Genetic Resources Institute (GRI) of ANAS and the Scientific Research Institute of Crop Husbandry (RICH) in the Karabakh region were compared. The varieties were characterized by high adaptability and potential productivity. Among them “Start” (patent № 00246), “Janub” (patent № 00274), “Leyla” (patent № 00305) and “Almaz” (patent № 00312) varieties of bread wheat, “Maya” (patent № 00250) and “Alliance” (patent № 00316) varieties of durum wheat were patented by the Agrarian Services Agency and regionalized. The studied varieties were analyzed for height, productivity and structural elements, resistance to rust diseases and adaptability in the competitive variety testing nursery. In the year of epiphytosis (2020), durum wheat varieties and “Almaz” and “Khamsa” bread wheat varieties were resistant to yellow rust. Significant differences were also observed in terms of productivity and structural elements. In addition, the new durum and bread wheat varieties were characterized by morphobiological and agronomic features and characteristics. Optimal cultivation technology of regionalized varieties, predecessors, fertilizer norms and sowing period were also given. It is recommended to cultivate new varieties in the irrigated plains and moisture-supplied foothills of the Karabakh region.
Keywords: Durum wheat, bread wheat, yellow rust, brown rust, variety, productivity, resistance
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