Classification and productivity of winter pastures in Lankaran-Mugan botanical-geographical region

Research article: Classification and productivity of winter pastures in Lankaran-Mugan botanical-geographical region
Author (s): E.M. Gurbanov*, H.Z. Huseynova
Baku State University, 23 Academician Z.Khalilov Str., Baku AZ1148, Azerbaijan 
For correspondence:
Received: August 31, 2020; Received in revised form: March 31, 2021; Accepted: June 09, 2021

In order to ensure food security of the population in Azerbaijan, it is important to protect natural forage plants, effectively use, improve and prevent the process of biodiversity degradation. From this point of view, we aimed to study the parameters of semi-desert and desert formations, fodder quality, grazing norms, ecological assessment of semi-desert and desert formations, which are a valuable source of fodder for livestock in the Caspian coastal areas and vegetation of Lankaran administrative districts (southern part of the Caspian coast). The vegetation of the botanical-geographical region is spread below sea level - below 10 meters (in Masalli region), as well as at an altitude of 27 m to 150 m. During the ecological-geobotanical researches in the Lankaran-Mugan botanical-geographical area of Azerbaijan, phytocenoses with predominance of Petrosimonieta brachiata and Artemisietum lerchiana-Ephemerosum were registered in the desert and semi-desert vegetation types, which are mainly a source of natural fodder in winter pastures. A classification scheme for 6 formation groups and 8 associations was prepared, and an “Ecological-geobotanical map of the southern part of the Caspian coast. Scale 1: 10,000” was compiled. In the course of the study, endemic species of the Caucasian area - Iris musulmanica Fomin, Salsola nitraria Pall, Symphytum caucasicum M. Bieb., and endemic species of the Azerbaijan area - Bellevalia zygomorpha Woronow and Tragopogon macropogon C.A.Mey were identified. 
Keywords: Ecosystems, phytocenosis, formation, association, dominant, subdominants, endemic


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